16.2.11

Top Things to do after installing ubuntu 10.10

Kali ini,saya akan menceritakan perkara yg selalu dilakukan selepas memasang ubuntu 10.10 atau nama lainnya maverick meerkat.Versi kali ini telah ditambah baik dari versi yang lalu,dengan kecepatan boot serta "Ubuntu family font" tutut disertakan sebagai default. Kepada pembangun sumber terbuka diluar sana yang ingin menyumbang perisian "third party" boleh kunjungi http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu…Ok jom kita customize!



1 – Expand the Software Repository List
First of all, lets make Ubuntu “see” more packages. Go to the terminal and edit your sources.list with :
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
Here is the content of my sources.list which I think is quite complete to have all the necessary applications you could ever need. So delete the whole content of your sources list and replace it with the content of mine
Save it. Now import the necessary repositories keys to avoid “apt-get” crying about some missing keys, go to the terminal and type:

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com DCF9F87B6DFBCBAE F9A2F76A9D1A0061 A040830F7FAC5991 2EBC26B60C5A2783

Get your system up to date with :

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Now all your programs will run on the last version.


2 – Anti-Virus
Windows equivalent : AVG AntiVirus, NAV, TrendMicro, F-Prot, Kaspersky, …
Ubuntu equivalent : ClamAV, Avast

ClamAV
sudo apt-get install clamav clamtk
Access it through System Tools → Virus Scanner .

Avast
wget http://files.avast.com/files/linux/avast4workstation_1.3.0-2_i386.deb && sudo dpkg -i avast4workstation_1.3.0-2_i386.deb

Access it through Accessories → avast! Antivirus .

3 – Essential tools for compiling from sources
sudo apt-get install build-essential checkinstall cdbs devscripts dh-make fakeroot libxml-parser-perl check avahi-daemon

4 – Java runtime environment
Java is a very important thing to install, now that many programs like Azureus need it to run. So type:
sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin equivs

6 – Multimedia
Windows equivalent : windows media player, real player, vlc, mplayer
Ubuntu equivalent : vlc, mplayer, helix player
To have Ubuntu playing all kinds of stuff, you need to install many codecs. So on the Terminal, type:

* Installing vlc and mplayer (plays almost everything):
sudo apt-get install vlc mplayer

* Common packs
sudo apt-get install libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg libmp4v2-0 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 libjpeg-progs libquicktime1 flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-0.7.4-dev

* Gstreammer 0.10
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-pitfdll gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-schroedinger gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse totem-gstreamer

* More programs
sudo apt-get install gstreamer-dbus-media-service gstreamer-tools ubuntu-restricted-extras

* Enable dvd support
sudo apt-get install libdvdread4 && sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/./install-css.sh

* Flash
sudo apt-get install gsfonts gsfonts-x11 flashplugin-nonfree

7. Tweak your eyecandy
Ubuntu 10.04 comes with compiz fusion effects OOTB but doesn’t offer a way to customize them.
In a terminal copy/paste this:
sudo apt-get install simple-ccsm

Now navigate to System → Preferences → Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager.

8 – Missing Windows software?? Run Windows softwares in Linux!!!
Run Windows Applications such as 7zip, Google Sketchup, AutoCAD, Dreamwaver, Flash MX, Fireworks MX, IE6, IE7, Safari, Itunes, Windows Media Player and many more…
Play Windows Games in Linux like Age Of Empires, Call Of Duty, Diablo, Fear, Fallout, Far Cry, Grand Theft Auto, Half Life, Halo, Hitman, Max Payne, Need For Speed, Prince Of Persia, Sim City Star Wars, The Simsworld of warcraft , Tomb Raider, Warcraft, World Of Warcraft, Counterstrike and many other can be played.
Install Playonlinux. It’s based on wine. Wine is a compatibility layer for running Windows programs in Linux.
sudo apt-get install wine playonlinux

9 – Clipboard Management
By Default in ubuntu when u copy something from an application and closes the application u will not be able to access it from the clipboard. And also when u copy severals text in serial u only have the last on available to you in the clipboard. To solve that install either of the following but Glipper is better because it supports plugins.

Glipper
sudo apt-get install glipper

Then right click ur panel → Add to Panel then drag Clipboard Manager to ur panel

Parcellite
sudo apt-get install parcellite

10 – Archiver/ Packing software
Windows equivalent : winrar, zip, 7zip
Ubuntu equivalent : tar, unrar, p7zip, arj, unace
It’s bad when you don’t have Internet on your computer/notebook, but you have to pack/unpack something but the file format isn’t recognized by the system. To prevent from this bad situation, you can install a bunch of packing software by typing this on the terminal:
sudo apt-get install unace rar unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller

11 – Graphical web browser
Windows equivalent : Internet explorer, firefox, opera
Ubuntu equivalent : Firefox, opera, chromium

Opera
sudo apt-get install opera

Firefox (installed by default intrepid)
sudo apt-get install firefox

Chromium (open source equivalent of Google Chrome)
sudo apt-get install chromium-browser chromium-browser-l10n

12 – Download Manager
Windows equivalent : Free download manager
Ubuntu equivalent : Multiget
MultiGet is a http/ftp downloader with a nice GUI for linux desktop users. It can run on almost all desktops without any configuration. It has many powerful functions comparing to others.
sudo apt-get install multiget

Access it through Applications → Internet → MultiGet .

13 – Graphical Email client
Windows equivalent : Outlook
Ubuntu equivalent : Evolution, Thunderbird

Evolution (installed by default in maverick)
sudo apt-get install evolution evolution-mapi
Access it through Applications → Internet → Evolution Mail .

Thunderbird
sudo apt-get install thunderbird
Access it through Applications → Internet → Mozilla Thunderbird Mail/News .

14 – Instant Messanging protocal clients
Windows equivalent : MSN messenger, Yahoo messenger, QQ, AIM, Gtalk, ICQ,IRC
Ubuntu equivalent : Empathy, Pidgin, emesene

Empathy IM Client (installed by default)
Add the related launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:telepathy/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it by running the following :
sudo apt-get install empathy telepathy-mission-control-5 telepathy-gabble telepathy-butterfly telepathy-haze telepathy-idle telepathy-salut telepathy-sofiasip libtelepathy-farsight0 python-tpfarsight galago-eds-feed python-galago python-galago-gtk msn-pecan
Access it through Applications → Internet → Empathy IM Client .

Pidgin
Pidgin is an easy to use and free chat client used by millions. Connect to AIM, MSN, Yahoo, and more chat networks all at once. Supported chat networks: AIM, Bonjour, Gadu-Gadu, Google Talk, Groupwise, ICQ, IRC, MSN, MySpaceIM, QQ, SILC, SIMPLE, Sametime, XMPP, Yahoo!, Zephyr
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pidgin-developers/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it :
sudo apt-get install pidgin pidgin-data pidgin-lastfm pidgin-guifications msn-pecan pidgin-musictracker pidgin-plugin-pack pidgin-themes
Access it through Applications → Internet → Pidgin Internet Messenger .

Emesene only for MSN Messenger.
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bjfs/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it :
sudo apt-get install emesene

Access it through Applications → Internet → Emesene .

15 – VOIP
Windows equivalent : skype
Ubuntu equivalent : skype

Skype
sudo apt-get install skype
Access it through Applications → Internet → Skype.

16 – Viewing PDF files
Windows equivalent : Adobe Reader
Ubuntu equivalent : Adobe Reader

Adobe Reader
sudo apt-get install acroread
Access it through Applications → Office → Adobe Reader.

17– Adobe Air
wget http://airdownload.adobe.com/air/lin/download/latest/AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
chmod +x ./AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
sudo ./AdobeAIRInstaller.bin

Access it through Applications → Accessories → Adobe Air Application Installer.

18 – Music / MP3 / OGG Players
Windows equivalent : iTunes, Winamp
Ubuntu equivalent : Rhythmbox, Banshee, Amarok

Rhythmbox
sudo apt-get install rhythmbox
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Rhythmbox Music Player.

Banshee
sudo apt-get install banshee banshee-extension-ubuntuonemusicstore banshee-extension-appindicator banshee-extension-lyrics banshee-extension-mirage
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Banshee Media Player.

Amarok
sudo apt-get install amarok amarok-common
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Amarok.

19– Hard Disk Partitions Manager
Windows equivalent : Symanted Partition Magic
Ubuntu equivalent : GParted

GParted
sudo apt-get install gparted ntfsprogs menu ntfs-config
Access it through System → Administration → Partition Editor.

20 – Vector Graphics Editor
Windows equivalent : Adobe Illustrator
Ubuntu equivalent : Inkscape

Inkscape
sudo apt-get install inkscape
Access it through Applications → Graphics → Inkscape Vector Graphics Editor.

21 – Image Editor
Windows equivalent : Adobe Photoshop, Paint.Net
Ubuntu equivalent : GIMP

GIMP
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:matthaeus123/mrw-gimp-svn && sudo apt-get update

Then install it with the following command :
sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras

Access it through Applications → Graphics → GIMP Image Editor.

PINTA
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:moonlight-team/pinta && sudo apt-get update

Then install it with the following command :
sudo apt-get install pinta

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Pinta Image Editor.

22 – 3D Graphics Applications
Windows equivalent : 3D Studio MAX
Ubuntu equivalent : Blender

Blender
sudo apt-get install blender
Access it through Applications → Graphics → Blender (windowed).

23 – Simple Yet Advanced Text Editor
Windows equivalent : Notepad ++
Ubuntu equivalent : GEdit

GEdit
sudo apt-get install gedit gedit-plugins
Access it through Applications → Accessories → Text Editor.

24 – Office Applications
Windows equivalent : Microsoft Office
Ubuntu equivalent : OpenOffice

OpenOffice
sudo apt-get install openoffice.org
Access it through Applications → Office

25 – Microsoft Visio
Windows equivalent : Microsoft Visio
Ubuntu equivalent : Dia

Dia
sudo apt-get install dia
Access it through Applications → Graphics → Dia Diagram Editor

26 – Microsoft Project
Windows equivalent : Microsoft Project
Ubuntu equivalent : OpenProj

OpenProj
wget http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/openproj/openproj_1.4-2.deb && sudo dpkg -i openproj_1.4-2.deb
Access it through Applications → Office → OpenProj

27 – Development IDE
Windows equivalent : Dreamweaver
Ubuntu equivalent : Quanta, Kompozer, NetBeans

Quanta
sudo apt-get install quanta
Access it through Applications → Programming → Quanta Plus

Komposer
sudo apt-get install kompozer nvu
Access it through Applications → Internet → Kompozer

NetBeans
sudo apt-get install netbeans
Access it through Applications → Programming → NetBeans IDE

28 – Source Control Management
Windows equivalent : TortoiseSVN
Ubuntu equivalent : RabbitVCS

RabbitVCS
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rabbitvcs/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it :
sudo apt-get install rabbitvcs-nautilus
killall nautilus
Right Click on any folder or file and access the RabbitVCS submenu

29 – Graphical FTP clients
Windows equivalent : CuteFTP, SmartFTP
Ubuntu equivalent : FileZilla

FileZilla
This is great FTP program, very complete, in my opinion, the best one for linux.

On the terminal type:
sudo apt-get install filezilla filezilla-common
Access it through Applications → Internet → FileZilla FTP Client.

30 – P2P Clients / Servers, File Sharing
Windows equivalent : utorrent, azureus, emule
Ubuntu equivalent : Deluge, azureus, amule
Bittorent clients

Deluge (written in python)
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deluge-team/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it :
sudo apt-get install deluge-torrent
Access it through Applications → Internet → Deluge Torrent.

Azureus: Uses Java to run, very complete but a bit heavy
sudo apt-get install azureus
Access it through Applications → Internet → Azureus.

Emule Donkey Clients
Amule
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:happyaron/amule-dlp && sudo apt-get update

Then install it with the following command :
sudo apt-get install amule-dlp amule-dlp-gnome-support amule-dlp-utils-gui amule-dlp-daemon
Access it through Applications → Internet → aMule.

31 – Programs for CD burning with GUI
Windows equivalent : Nero, Roxio Easy CD Creator
Ubuntu equivalent : K3b, Brasero

K3b
Nero is available for linux,but its not free.A trial is available for 1 month usage and later it asks or activation code.But K3B is as good as Nero.Have a good feature set as Nero.
sudo apt-get install k3b k3b-data libk3b6
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → K3B.

Brasero (installed by default in Maverick)
sudo apt-get install brasero
Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → Brasero Disc Burning .

33 – Install Vista like gadgets.
Windows equivalent : Vista Sidebar
Ubuntu equivalent : google-gadgets

Google gadgets
sudo apt-get install google-gadgets-gtk
This will complete the installation.
Now press Alt+F2, and type “ggl-gtk” to start them. You should see a small icon show up in your system tray, and a sidebar. Right click on any of them and select ‘Add Gadgets’ to show a menu. If you’d like to have Google Gadgets start automatically, go to System – Preferences – Session, click ‘Add’, paste ‘Google Gadgets’ for the name and ‘ggl-gtk’ for the command. Click OK and Close, and you’re good to go.

34 – Google Desktop
Google Desktop allows one to full text search of a user’s e-mail, computer files, music, photos, chat, and Web pages viewed,OpenOffice documents , PDF files and more .

Now similar tools already existed on Linux like beagle (supported by novell ) , meta tracker etc . However Google Desktop search is not based on any of these tools and uses its proprietary algorithms to search for files on the computer ,also being 1.0 release and more stable then these products it could be preferred over tools like beagle .

To install Google Desktop Search type the following command in the terminal window : -
sudo apt-get install google-desktop-linux

Access it through Applications → Google Desktop → Google Desktop

Now after choosing appropriate option through Applications → Google Desktop → Google Desktop Preferences, you would find Google Desktop icon in the bar at the top of the screen , now it would automatically scan and index files on computer and store it in local database which could be searched using web browser .

35 – Photo Management
Google Picasa
Google Picasa is an extremely professional good looking photo management application available on Windows ,Linux and Mac OS. Now Google Picasa has a number of features that many photo management software on Linux dont have further Google Picasa looks very user friendly as compared to similar open source application available on linux . Now Google Picasa for Linux is not a native linux application but runs on Linux thru application layer called wine which allows many windows application to run flawlessly on Linux.

Now to install Google – Picasa type the following command in the terminal window
wget http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/pool/non-free/p/picasa/picasa_3.0-current_i386.deb && sudo dpkg -i picasa_3.0-current_i386.deb

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Picasa → Picasa

36 – Map Viewing and Management
Google Earth
To install Google Earth type the following command in the Terminal Window.
sudo apt-get install googleearth

After downloading is over you will get a screen like this press ¨Yes¨ to accept the license agreement and complete software installation.
Now you can launch Google Earth from Application → Internet → Google Earth

37 – Gmail Notification
Checkgmail
If you would like to get notified when you have a new mail in your google mail account, checkgmail is for you. To install Checkgmail type the following command in the Terminal Window.
sudo apt-get install checkgmail

Now you can launch it from Application → Internet → CheckGmail

38 – Configure Firewall
If you are concern about your security, then it is pertinent that you activate the firewall and prevent any unauthorized access to your computer.
UFW is installed by default, but if you need a graphical interface, install GUFW.
sudo apt-get install gufw

39– Gnome Do
Gnome Do is a small application that allows you to search and do things faster and more efficiently in your Ubuntu machine. It is similar to QuickSilver in Mac and Launchy in Windows. For those who have not tried Gnome Do before, it might take some time for you to get used to it. But once you’re hooked to it, there will be no turning back for you.Gnome Do also comes with a dock interface that you can use it like any other docks.
sudo apt-get install gnome-do

Now you can launch it from Application → Accessories → Gnome Do

40 – Ubuntu Tweak
Ubuntu Tweak allows you to tweak your system settings, all in one place. You can install new applications, customize your desktop settings, configure your startup applications, changing the system filetype association and many more tweaks in this single application.
Add the launchpad repository :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-tweak-testing/ppa && sudo apt-get update

Then install it with the following command :
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

Then access it through Applications → System Tools → Ubuntu Tweak

App Runner
App Runner is a small open source utility that makes it very easy to run any type of program/executable/script on any distro/OS that uses the nautilus file manager: Debian/Ubuntu/Super OS/Fedora/etc
wget http://hacktolive.org/files/app_runner/App_Runner_0.2.deb && sudo dpkg -i App_Runner_0.2.deb

Then right-click the file -> Scripts -> Run This App or Run This App (root) 
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2 comments:

  1. GREEEEEEEEEEEEEEEAT post! THX! lots of helpful apps!

    ReplyDelete

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